SHAKO: Happy Birthday U.S. Marine Corps

November 10, 2012 at 6:42 pm Leave a comment

Since Nov. 10, 1775 …

On this day in 1775 the Continental Congress approved a resolution creating what is now the United States Marine Corps. Below is the resolution’s wording via the Navy Department’s Library. Looks like they spelled “enlisted” differently in those days.

U.S. Marines in action in sea fight between the USS Wasp and HMS Reindeer 1814.

“Resolved, That two Battalions of marines be raised, consisting of one Colonel, two Lieutenant Colonels, two Majors, and other officers as usual in other regiments; and that they consist of an equal number of privates with other battalions; that particular care be taken, that no persons be appointed to office, or inlisted into said Battalions, but such as are good seamen, or so acquainted with maritime affairs as to be able to serve to advantage by sea when required: that they be inlisted and commissioned to serve for and during the present war between Great Britain and the colonies, unless dismissed by order of Congress: that they be distinguished by the names of the first and second battalions of American Marines, and that they be considered part of the number which the continental Army before Boston is ordered to consist of.”

SHAKO is an occasional 4GWAR posting on military history, traditions and culture. For the uninitiated, a shako is the tall, billed headgear worn by many armies from the Napoleonic era to about the time of the American Civil War. It remains a part of the dress or parade uniform of several military organizations like the corps of cadets at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York.

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Entry filed under: Naval Warfare, SHAKO, Traditions. Tags: , , , .

FRIDAY FOTO (November 9, 2012) THIS WEEK in the War of 1812 (Nov. 11-Nov. 17)

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