THIS WEEK in the War of 1812 (November 9-November 15, 1814)
Objective: New Orleans
After driving the British out of Pensacola in Spanish Florida (Nov. 7-8), Major General Andrew Jackson heads back to Mobile, in what is now Alabama, but in 1814 it was part of the Territory of Mississippi or Spanish West Florida — depending on who you talked to.
Jackson fears the small British fleet that evacuated Pensacola may be headed to Mobile to set up a base for a larger invasion of New Orleans.
The British aren’t there when he arrives in Mobile on November 11 but here is word that thousands of British troops are heading for New Orleans from bases in Bermuda and the Bahamas. So Jackson marches out, headed for the Crescent City on the lower Mississippi River.
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With more than 1,000 British soldiers and Canadian militia on his tail, U.S. Brigadier General Duncan McArthur and his raiding party of some 700 mounted Kentucky and Ohio riflemen are making their way back to Fort Detroit about 100 miles away.
McArthur is burning settlements — especially flour mills and other sources of food and supplies for the British and Canadian troops — along the Lake Erie shoreline. On November 6, McArthur’s troops defeated a smaller force of Canadian militia and Mohawk Indian allies at Malcolm’s Mills. It will be the last battle with an invading army fought on Canadian soil.
Entry filed under: Army, National Security and Defense, THIS WEEK in the War of 1812. Tags: Andrew Jackson, Army, Battle of New Orleans, British Army, Canada in War of 1812, War of 1812 Bicentennial, War of 1812 in Alabama, War of 1812 in Louisiana.