Archive for May, 2019

FRIDAY FOTO (May 31, 2019)

Dead Serious.

military dive operations

(U.S. Navy photo by Chief Petty Officer Jayme Pastoric)

Their swim fins hooked over their wrists and their weapons ready, Navy SEALs, assigned to Naval Special Warfare Group 2, emerge from the shallows during military dive operations training in the Atlantic Ocean on May 29, 2019.

SEALs, it stands for Sea, Air, Land forces, “are expertly trained to deliver highly specialized, intensely challenging warfare capabilities that are beyond the means of standard military forces,” according to the Navy. SEAL teams are the maritime component of U.S. Special Operations Command, however, they are trained to conduct missions from sea, air and land.

Before one gets to wear the distinctive gold SEAL insignia — an eagle clutching a Navy anchor, trident and flintlock style pistol — one must endure a lot of this:

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First Phase Basic Underwater Demolition/SEALs (BUD/S) candidates participate in hours of crushing, physical training, in wet, sandy uniforms with little sleep at Naval Amphibious Base Coronado. ( U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Kyle D. Gahlau)

To get an idea of how difficult their training is, click here.

May 31, 2019 at 12:10 am 1 comment

SHAKO: Memorial Day 2019

The North Remembers.

Grant_Memorial

Cavalry charge figures at the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial between the Capitol and the National Mall in Washington D.C. (Photo by Ad Meskens via Wikipedia, sculpture by Henry Merwin Shrady )

Memorial Day, by federal law, is commemorated annually on the last Monday in May to honor those who gave their lives for their country. The holiday grew out of local ceremonies throughout the North and South after the American Civil War (1861-1865). In many places, the day — traditionally May 30 — was known as Decoration Day for the flowers and flags that locals used to decorate soldiers’ and sailors’ graves.

In past years, 4GWAR postings on Memorial Day have focused on U.S. military cemeteries, the tradition of decorating graves with small American flags at Arlington National Cemetery and remembering the price paid by those we honor on the holiday.

But this year, we note the controversy surrounding Civil War monuments and statues honoring Confederate heroes. To many, they are racist icons created during the Jim Crow er. For others, they are reminders of the “Lost Cause,” and part of an honorable heritage. So we thought we’d look at the monuments and statues — mostly in Northern states — dedicated to those who fought to preserve the Union.

For example, the charging cavalry group pictured above is just part of a massive memorial to Union Army commander and 18th U.S. president, Ulysses S. Grant. In fact, that sculpture group, and another depicting a team of artillery horses hurtling along with a caisson and cannon in tow, are far more dramatic than the centerpiece equestrian statute of old “Unconditional Surrender” Grant.

Even monuments like this, are not without critics, mainly for honoring leaders who mistreated or ignored the mistreatment of blacks and Indians after the Civil War. Nevertheless, cities and towns from Maine to California have dedicated monuments of all shapes and sizes to Union troops and their leaders. Below is a small sampling from around the country.

Many statues and monuments — particularly in Washington, D.C. — are dedicated to generals like Grant,  William Tecumseh Sherman and George Henry Thomas, and admirals like Samuel Francis DuPont and David Glasgow Farragut (see photo below).

Admiral_David_Farragut_Statue

(Photo by David Washington, via Wikipedia)

Admiral Farragut, of “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead,” fame, stands atop a granite base in a park and city square named for him. The statue was sculpted by female artist Vinnie Ream. This monument to the U.S. Navy’s first admiral, was dedicated in 1881 in an extravagant ceremony attended by President James A. Garfield  and thousands of spectators. It was the first monument erected in Washington, to honor  a naval war hero.

Other outdoor art works are dedicated to local heroes or favorite sons like the monument to Pennsylvania’s George Gordon Meade, commander of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg and later Civil War battles. Paid for by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania when few in Washington favored lionizing Meade — the monument stands on Pennsylvania Avenue, the main route of parades in the nation’s capital.

In Boston, the memorial to young Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, also pays tribute to his 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, one of the first African American army units to fight in the Civil War.   The high relief bronze was created by noted sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens and readers may remember it was featured at the end of the 1989 Oscar-winning film Glory.

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(Robert Gould Shaw and Massachusetts 54th Regiment Memorial, Photo by Jarek Tuszyński via wikipedia commons)

In Washington, D.C., all of the 200,000 African Americans who served in the Union army and navy are remembered in the African American Civil War Memorial.

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(Spirit of Freedom statue by Ed Hamilton 1997, National Park Service photo)

Elsewhere, a single soldier was enough for memorials like the Kent County Civil War Monument in Grand Rapids, Michigan …

KentCountyCivilWarMonumentGrandRapidsMI

(Caption)

Or two in front of the DeKalb County courthouse in Sycamore, Illinois …

Sycamore_Il_Civil_War_Memorial AMurray

(Photo by A. McMurray via wikipedia)

A lone artillery man in Scituate, Rhode Island …

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(Photo by Beth Hurd via Rhode Island USGenWeb Genealogy and History Project)

A member of New York’s “silk stocking” 7th Militia Regiment, formed by many of the city’s socially elite …

7th_Regt_Memorial_Steele_MacKaye_jeh

(Photo by Jim.henderson)

Monuments to the Union army aren’t limited to the North. This statue, known as “Taps”, is located in Little Rock National Cemetery in Arkansas. It is dedicated to the 36 soldiers from Minnesota who are buried there.

Minnesota_Monument in Ark

(Photo by Valis55 )

*** *** ***

SHAKO-West Point cadetsSHAKO is an occasional 4GWAR posting on military history, traditions and culture. For the uninitiated, a shako is the tall, billed headgear worn by many armies from the Napoleonic era to about the time of the American Civil War. It remains a part of the dress or parade uniform of several military organizations like the corps of cadets at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York.

May 27, 2019 at 7:46 pm 2 comments

FRIDAY FOTO (May 24, 2019)

Monuments Men.

10th SFG(A) conduct airborne operation near island of Mont Saint Michel

(U.S. Army photo by Sergeant Alexis Washburn-Jasinski)

 

Paratroopers from the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne) land within sight of the world famous Mont Saint-Michel abbey in Normandy, France, during a May 18, 2019 airborne operation to commemorate the Allied liberation of France during World War II.

The abbey, one of the first UNESCO World Heritage sites, started as a small church in 709 C.E., dedicated to the Archangel Michael — who just happens to be the patron saint of paratroopers.

Three U.S. Air Force aircraft from 352nd Special Operations Wing and the 86th Airlift Wing, delivered more than 130 Green Berets to the drop zone, a little over a mile from Mont Saint-Michel, near Avranches, which was liberated by U.S. forces in 1944. A large crowd of residents from the commune of Avranches — which sponsored the event — attended the airdrop. The demonstration included both military free-fall and static-line parachute drops.

The jump celebrated the 75th Anniversary of the drop of “Jedburgh” teams into France ahead of the Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944. Just a year earlier, the Allies created 100 three-man special operations teams with personnel from the British Special Operations Executive, American Office of Strategic Services (the precursor of the CIA) and General Charles de Gaulle’s Free French organization. Known as Jedburghs, the teams also included individuals from Belgium, Canada, South Africa and the Netherlands. Instrumental to the allied liberation of France and occupied Europe, the Jedburgh teams trained, armed, and directed local resistance fighters from behind enemy lines.

Today’s Green Berets trace their history directly to the Jedburgh teams as well as the First Special Service Force, a combined Canadian-American unit, known as the “Devil’s Brigade.” The 10th Special Forces Group, the first such unit, was established in 1952 and immediately deployed to Europe during the Cold War. It’s worth noting the Army Special Forces motto “DE OPPRESSO LIBER” is Latin for “To Free the Oppressed.”

For more details of the air drop event and photos, click here.

May 24, 2019 at 1:08 pm Leave a comment

FRIDAY FOTO (May 17, 2019)

Nyyyahhhh!

FRIFO 5-17-2019 Army Golden Knights paras

(Air Force photo by Senior Airman Alyssa D. Van Hook)

Your 4GWAR editor’s stomach lurched when we saw this photo on the Defense Department website. Hence the gibbering headline.

We usually don’t run photos of the various military daredevil demonstration teams like the Navy’s Blue Angels of the Army’s Golden Knights parachute team seen here … but there was something so knee-weakening, so awesome in this view of a Golden Knight kneeling and looking out to the Earth far below that really got to us.

How did it make you feel?

For the record, these Golden Knights were preparing to jump during the Legends in Flight air show at Joint Base Andrews, in Maryland on May 10, 2019.

For more photos of the Golden Knights and other performers and exhibits at Legends in Flight, click here.

May 17, 2019 at 5:26 pm Leave a comment

FRIDAY FOTO (May 10, 2019)

A Terrible Beauty.

3/12 Marines conduct ARTP 19-1

( Marine Corps photo by Corporal Josue Marquez)

Wreathed in clouds, Japan’s snow-capped Mount Fuji provides a dreamlike backdrop for Marine Corps Lance Corporal Taiji Hirose manning a machine gun atop an armored vehicle.

Hirose’s vehicle was providing security during an annual artillery training event at the Combined Arms Training Center at Camp Fuji, on April 20, 2019.

May 10, 2019 at 12:43 am Leave a comment

FRIDAY FOTO (May 3, 2019)

That fought with us upon St. Florian’s Day.

423rd ABG Leadership Puts Out the Fire

(Air Force photo by Technical Sergeant Brian Kimball)

Fear not, we’re not misquoting the St. Crispin’s Day speech from Shakespeare’s Henry V. For one thing, it’s neither October 25 — Crispin’s Day — nor the anniversary of Henry’s 1415 battle against the French at Agincourt.

However, tomorrow (Saturday May 4) is St. Florian’s Day. The feast honors Florian, a Roman soldier and Christian martyr, who also happens to be the patron saint of firefighters.

Florian was born around 250 C.E., in what is now present-day Austria. He joined the Roman Army and advanced quickly to become commander of the Imperial Army in the Roman province of Noricum (most of modern day Poland). One of his many duties was being responsible for organizing fire brigades. Florian organized and trained this elite group of soldiers in their sole duty of fighting fires.

May 4 is also International Fire Fighters Day, so we thought we’d feature some of the “smoke eaters” in the U.S. military.  The April 23, 2018 photo above shows Air Force Chief Master Sergeant Eugene Elking extinguishing a fire while training with firefighters at the Royal Air Force facility at Molesworth, England.

If we may continue the Shakespearean conceit just a bit longer, the next photo proves  that firefighters are not only a “band of brothers. ” Here we see Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Kelley Johnson putting a firefighting helmet during a drill in the hangar bay of the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt in San Diego on April 9, 2019.

frifo 5-3-2019 FIREFIGHTER3.JPG

(Navy photo by Petty Officer 3rd Class Michael Hogan)

In the Navy and U.S. Coast Guard, firefighters are called Damage Controlmen. Not only do they fight, and prevent, fires, they perform the tasks of damage control and maintaining ship stability. They also prepare defenses against chemical, biological and radiological (CBR) warfare attacks. And they instruct personnel in damage control and CBR defense and repair damage-control equipment and systems. (Incidentally, Navy Fire Controlmen maintain the control mechanism used in weapons systems on combat ships.)

FRIFO 5-3-2019 FIREFIGHTER1

(Navy photo by Petty Officer 2nd Class Marc Cuenca)

Navy firefighters may also have to deal with aircraft fires — at sea or on land — like these Navy Region Northwest Fire and Emergency Services personnel. This March 20, 2019 photo shows them observing a live-fire simulation of an FA-18F Super Hornet mock-up at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island in Oak Harbor, Washington.

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(U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Madeleine E. Remillard)

Air Force firefighters, like their naval brethren, also have to deal with fiery jet fuel and bombs, missiles and machine gun bullets that may be in danger or already alight. The Air Force also shares with civilian fire departments the skills needed to battle aircraft fires — as they did during this training exercise at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas on April 17, 2019. Departments from Wichita Falls, Texas, and Lawton, Oklahoma, trained with the base’s firefighters at the Sheppard AFB fire pit.

NATO Advising in Faryab Province

(NATO Photo by Captain Tyler Mitchell)

National Guard units also have firefighters, and like active duty soldiers and airmen, they may be called upon to practice their specialty in a warzone. In this May 9, 2018 photo we see Missouri Air National Guard Technical Sergeant Dustin Hensley bracing an Afghan Soldier to assist with the pressure of a water hose from a P-19 Aircraft Rescue Firefighting Truck at Camp Maimanah Afghanistan. Hensley was part of the NATO-led  train, advise and assist mission.

May 3, 2019 at 4:18 pm Leave a comment


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