Posts tagged ‘Navy’
Capturing the Action.
Canadian Master Corporal Kevin Mcmillan, assigned to Canadian Forces Combat Camera, documents combat troops training during Fleet Combat Camera Pacific’s Summer Quick Shot 2015 (video here).
McMillan is assigned to Canadian Forces Combat Camera.
Quick Shot is a semi-annual exercise that improves combat camera photographers’ abilities to operate in a tactical environment. In other words they learn to shoot guns and well as imagery for when they are on assignmnt with front line troops
The combined U.S.-Canadian joint field training exercise took place last month (August) in the Angeles National Forest near Azusa, California.
V-J Day Plus 70.
Seventy years ago today, September 2, 1945 the Second World War came to an end, after six and a half horrendous years that saw millions killed around the globe.
On the battleship USS Missouri, anchored in Tokyo Bay, representatives of the Imperial Japanese government signed the formal surrender documents just weeks after atomic bombs were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The Defense Department website, DoD Live notes that in addition to the dignitaries from nine countries on the Missouri that day was the American flag flown in 1853 on the USS Powhatan by Commodore Matthew C. Perry (see in the background of the photo below). Perry flew the flag on the first of his two expeditions to Japan, which resulted in the Convention of Kanagawa, that forced the Japanese to open the country to American trade.
Perry’s successful mission was the first time American military might forced the Japanese Empire to do something it didn’t want to do. We wonder if the flag display in 1945 was meant to be ironic, spiteful or simply triumphant.
Five-star General of the Army Douglas MacArthur signed the document as the supreme commander in the Pacific Theater of War. Five-star Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz signed it as the chief U.S. representative. In addition to the Japanese delegation, the instrument of surrender was signed by representatives of China, the United Kingdom, Canada, France, Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands and the Soviet Union (which declared war on Japan in the final days of the conflict.) Japan had invaded British, French and Dutch Far East colonial territories in 1941-42 and bombed northern Australia, as well as attacking the Philippines (then a U.S. Territory), Guam, Wake Island, Midway and the Aleutian Islands of Alaska. Japan went to war with China in 1937.
DoD Live also notes that while September 2, 1945, is known as the end of World War II, the state of war did not formally end until the treaty of San Francisco came into force on April 20, 1952.
Today Japan is one of the United States’ strongest partners in the Asia-Pacific region, although for many years local residents have sought the removal of U.S. bases in the home islands and Okinawa.
A commemoration of the 70th anniversary was held Wednesday at the USS Missouri, which now resides as a war memorial at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, where the U.S. war with Japan began on December 7, 1941.
SHAKO is an occasional 4GWAR posting on military history, traditions and culture. For the uninitiated, a shako is the tall, billed headgear worn by many armies from the Napoleonic era to about the time of the American Civil War. It remains a part of the dress or parade uniform of several military organizations like the corps of cadets at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York.
Wednesday (August 26) was Women’s Equality Day, commemorating the 95th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment of the Constitution — which gave women the right to vote in the United States. In other words, living up to that document’s opening words: “We the people of the United States …”
Women comprise at least 14 percent of the U.S. military. Recently the first two women soldiers completed the challenging Army Ranger course, earning the respected “Ranger” tab. Now the Defense Department is wrestling with how to implement a 2013 decision that could lift the ban on women serving in combat units like armor (tanks), artillery, infantry and special operations.
So here at 4GWAR we thought this would be a good time to show the tough and dangerous jobs women in the services already do.
After looking a dozens of photos of women in the services doing work that puts them in harm’s way — helicopter and fighter pilots, medics and forward area nurses, truck drivers, aircraft carrier deck crewmen, mechanics and helicopter door gunners — we found this photo. We think it’s the best, and most dramatic illustration of women doing hard jobs, dangerous jobs and scary jobs.
It shows Navy Electronics Technician 2nd Class Amanda Craig greasing the ball bearings of the primary marshaling radar for aircraft on the carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71). The technician is performing routine maintenance work high above Teddy’s flight deck. Notice how small the people look.
It’s also worth noting that the intrepid photographer who shot this picture from a perch almost as high up as Craig is also a woman: Mass Communications Specialist 3rd Class Jennifer Case.
The Roosevelt is deployed in the Arabian Sea, supporting Operation Inherent Resolve strike operations in Iraq and Syria.
The Starting Lineup.
Marines wait for the final check of their amphibious assault vehicles (AAV) to begin their training exercise on Onslow Beach at Camp Lejeune North Carolina Monday (August 17).
These Marines are with the 1st Platoon, Bravo Company, 2nd Assault Amphibian Battalion.
Brown Water Patrol.
U.S. sailors and Indonesian Kopaska naval special forces practice patrol formations during Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training Indonesia (CARAT) 2015 in Surabaya, Indonesia, August 5, 2015.(Click on the photo to enlarge image).
In its 21st year, this annual exercise includes the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps as well as the armed forces of nine partner nations, including Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Timor-Leste.
The U.S. sailors are assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron (CRS) 3. Part of the Navy Expeditionary Combat Command, the Navy’s three Riverine Squadrons focus on conducting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation in coastal areas, rivers and deltas.
No Longer a Novelty.
From pizzas for the troops to small parts for aircraft, the U.S. military is moving ahead with innovations in additive manufacturing. The dual aim: to cut costs and speed up the process from design and prototyping to assembly line production.
Additive manufacturing – also known as 3-D printing – has the potential to revolutionize how manufacturing is done in the United States. With 3-D printing, designers can create a three-dimensional object from a digital file fed into a computer. The printers create the object by depositing thin layers of material – mostly plastic but metal and composite materials printers are also being used – until the component exactly matching the original blueprint is created.
The Department of Energy has estimated that the additive process could cut energy use by today’s manufacturing procedures by 50 percent. And the benefits aren’t lost on the Defense Department, which is looking for ways to cut costs and speed production in this era of tight budgets and rising energy costs.
Additive manufacturing “may profoundly change Army logistics and supply,” says Dale Ormond, director of the Army’s Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM). “Imagine the possibilities of three-dimensional printed textiles, metals, integrated electronics, biogenetic materials and even food,” he wrote in Army Technology magazine’s 3-D Printing issue.
The Army is investigating 3-D printers to make food ranging from simple snacks to nutrient-rich foods that can be tailored to various environments. The Army’s Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center is looking at ways the technology can be applied to the battlefield for meals on demand, or for food manufacturing where food is printed and possibly further processed to become shelf stable.
The Army is also exploring additive manufacturing of field and combat clothing to improve flexibility, air flow, and ballistic protection while reducing weight, bulk and the number of seams, which can cause friction and irritation.
The Navy, which has about 70 3-D printing projects underway, has placed one aboard a warship, the amphibious assault ship USS Essex and the crew has been making small objects like medical syringes and caps for oil tanks.
Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) plans to have an aircraft flying with a flight-critical metal spare part made by 3-D printer within three years. Printing plastic items is one thing but metal parts critical to keeping an airplane aloft is something else again.” We’re not there yet,” William Frazier, NAVAIR’s chief scientist for air vehicle engineering, told a briefing at the Navy League’s annual Sea-Air-Space Expo in April.
While the technology has been around for years, additive manufacturing got a big boost in 2012 when the Obama administration created a private-public research institute in Youngstown, Ohio, the National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute (NAMII), with $30 million in federal funding. The departments of Defense, Energy and Commerce, as well as the National Science Foundation and NASA are all putting money into additive manufacturing.
Major defense contractors like Lockheed Martin and Boeing are also investing in 3-D printing technology. Lockheed Martin is using the technology to print titanium satellite parts and reduce cost, cycle time and material waste.
Experts on 3-D printing from the Army and Air Force research labs, industry and the National Institute of Scince and Technology (NIST) will be discussing the latest developments and government requirements at the Third Annual Additive Manufacturing for Defense and Aerospace conference in Washington August 21-September 2, hosted by IDGA.
Suspected Fraud Probe.
Brazilian federal police are investigating potential irregularities in a military program that aims to build a nuclear-powered submarine in partnership with France by 2023, Reuters reports, quoting a Brazilian newspaper.
The newspaper, Folha de S. Paulo reported today (July 29) that Folha said police searched for documents that could prove suspicions of fraud in the program. The search was part of a wider probe that led to the arrests on Tuesday (July 28) of two executives involved in building a nuclear power plant for state-run utility Eletrobras.
Federal police did not respond to a request for comment on whether they were investigating the submarine program, Reuters said. And the newspaper did not say how it had obtained the information.
As part of new defense strategy announced in 2010, to protect the Amazon Basin and Brazil’s Atlantic offshore oil deposits, Brazil is building a fleet of five submarines — one of them nuclear-powered — with French contractor DCNS.
Brazil is Latin America’s largest country and the sixth-largest economy in the world.
The government announced last year it would buy 36 Gripen NG fighter jets made by Sweden’s Saab to replace aging Air Force jets.